An important component of the autonomy of higher education institutions is the development of public self-government both by the academic community as a whole and by higher education applicants. The Law of Ukraine “On Higher Education” (hereinafter referred to as the Law) provides for mandatory functioning in higher education institutions of student self-government as an institution that ensures participation of higher education applicants in the management of the educational institution, representation and protection of their rights and interests, promotes social development and civic activity, gaining managerial experience and understanding of responsibility.
According to part one of Article 40 of the Law, student self-government unites all students of the respective higher education institution regardless of the course and the form of study. All students enrolled in higher education have equal rights and can be elected and elected to the working, advisory, elective and other bodies of student self-government.
Student self-government is carried out directly by students and through student self-government bodies, which are elected by direct secret ballot of students. Student self-government bodies are guided by the Student Self-Government Regulations.
Elections of governing bodies of student self-government cannot be held in the form of a reporting-election or election conference. Holding elections in the form of a conference, as well as interfering with the administration of a higher education institution and other officials in the election process, is contrary to the requirements of the Law.
In accordance with part four of Article 40 of the Law, representative, executive and control and audit bodies of student self-government are formed, elected for a term of one year. The Head of Student Self-Government and his / her deputies may serve no more than two terms. Upon termination of a person’s studies at a higher educational institution, his / her participation in the student self-government body shall be terminated in accordance with the procedure stipulated by the regulation on student self-government of a higher educational institution.
The Ministry, as an authorized body, pays special attention to the fact that student self-government bodies and other student organizations can only be headed by a person who has the status of a student of the University.
In accordance with the requirements of sections eight and nine of Article 40 of the Law, which provides that paragraph 9 the administration of a higher education institution has no right to interfere with the activities of student self-government bodies, and the head of a higher education institution must create the proper conditions for the activity of student self-government bodies, in particular and regarding the provision of office equipment. The financial basis of student self-government is the funds determined by the academic council of the higher education institution in the amount of not less than 0.5 percent of own income received by the higher education institution from its main activity. The procedure for providing the corresponding funds is within the competence of the higher education institution.
Pursuant to part one of Article 38 of the Law, working bodies of the higher education institution, dean’s offices, admissions committee, administrative council, etc. are formed to resolve current issues of the higher education institution’s activity. The head of a higher education institution should create conditions for participation of representatives of student self-government bodies in working bodies.